Different Types of Fabric Cutting Machines Used in The Fashion Industry

The process of cutting within the fashion industry is crucial, but there are also a multitude of ways in which fabric can be cut. In this blog post, we are going to look at the different types of fabric cutting machines, what they do and the benefits they have within the fashion industry. Here at Assyst Bullmer, we are the best choice for fabric cutting machines. With over 25 years of experience, we can guide you toward the right machine for you.

Different Types of Cutting Machines

When it comes to fabric cutting machines, there a many different types, however, they can be categorised into three styles:

  • Manual Cutting
  • Semi-Automatic Cutting Machine
  • Fully Automatic Cutting Machine

Each category of machinery will have both benefits and drawbacks within the fashion industry, we will go into more detail on these categories as we go on.

Manual Cutting Machine:

Manual cutting machines are just that, typically they are machines that are used by hand. Primarily found in smaller scale factories, manual fabric cutting machines can provide a more hands-on experience, however, they aren’t usually as precise as other fashion industry cutting machine options, such as semi-automatic and fully automatic.

This type of cutting is seen as a more traditional method, typically using tools like scissors or sheers. Although this type of method is a more traditional or historic choice, it still has its pros and cons. The main pros of manual cutting are the level of customisation it offers, as well as unique designs being better accommodated, such as irregular fabric patterns. Manual fabric cutting can also add a personalised touch, which is always beneficial for high-end bespoke fashion companies.

However, manual cutting methods do have their cons. This method of cutting can be considerably time-consuming and requires a high level of skills and expertise. Manual cutting can lead to significantly slower production times and high labour costs, making it a completely unsuitable method for mass production and at higher risk of human error.

Some of the manual cutting methods consist of:

  • Scissor Cutting
  • Rotary Cutting
  • Thread Clipping

Semi-automatic Cutting Machine

When it comes to the different types of fabric cutting machines, semi-automatic cutting machines come in a variety of different forms. Semi-automatic fabric cutting machines find the balance between manual precision and the efficiency of automated machines. Featuring a partially automated system, semi-automatic machines do require the intervention of humans for certain processes.

There is a fantastic selection of benefits to using semi-automatic machines for fabric cutting, firstly with semi-automatic machines able to handle larger volumes of fabric at a significantly faster rate to that of manual fabric cutting options, whilst also maintaining that level of accuracy. This type of fabric cutting machine is ideal for medium-scale production lines where speed and precision are crucial.

Although semi-automatic fabric cutting machines are a brilliant addition to a production line, they are always going to be slower than a fully automated system. As these machines also require operators, this means that to operate these machines there is a lot of training and expertise involved, with a higher investment in many areas in comparison to a fully automated system.

Semi-automatic fabric cutting machines used within the fashion industry are:

  • Straight Knife Cutting Machine
  • Band Knife Cutting Machine
  • Round Knife Cutting Machine
  • Die Cutting Machine

Fully Automatic Cutting Machine

A fully automatic fabric cutting machine is a machine that is automated to be adaptable to every stage of the production line, without help from a skilled operator. This type of fabric cutting machine is used by the vast majority of the fashion industry for its precision and mass production capabilities and its lack of human intervention for operation.

As this type of machine is most popular within the industry, it has many advantages that can significantly reduce the length of time of production, allowing for rapid mass production, as well as being an ideal choice for large scale manufacturing to meet high demands. Fully automatic cutting machines also tend to result in a reduced amount of fabric waste, whilst also minimising errors and maximising material utilisation.

Although, like every type of machine, there will always be some cons you should consider. Firstly, investing in a fully automatic fabric cutting machine can be quite costly, which may not be viable for small scale manufacturers. Automatic cutting machines also require skilled maintenance which will require a trained expert to ensure that the machine runs at its full potential. As the machine is fully automatic and relies on digital patterns, on-the-fly changes are limited, making customised or bespoke pieces more difficult to create.

Fully automatic fabric cutting machines regularly used within the fashion industry comprise:

  • Computer-Controlled Knife Cutting Systems
  • Laser Cutting Machines
  • Water Jet Cutting Machines
  • Ultrasonic Cutting Machines

Fabric Cutting Machines Used in The Fashion Industry

When it comes to finding the right type of fabric cutting machine for your fashion company, it can be difficult to know which type is right for your project. Here at Assyst Bullmer, we have a fantastic selection of digital cutting machines that can help improve your production line. Whether you’re looking to go semi-automatic after years of manual cutting or want to invest in a brilliant fully automatic cutting machine, we have everything you need right here at Assyst Bullmer. If you need help finding the right fabric cutting machine, our expert team can help you. You can contact us via our online contact form or if you’d rather why not give us a call on 01924373900 or drop us an email support@assystbullmer.co.uk